The World Wars have a peculiar habit to start on dates when the sum of numbers equals 68:
WWI started on 28 July 1914, and the sum of is 28+7+19+14=68
WWII started on1 September 1939, and the sum of is 1+9+19+39=68
WWIII started on 24 February 2022, and the sum of is 24+2+20+22=68
A repeating coincidence is a fact!
Putin & Co visit Las Vegas
The owner of American Casino Biden checked and found out that his guests had 8,5 trillion dollars they made in 2000-2021 by selling Russian jewels. The Russian players for high stakes spent 1 trillion on new guns, 2 trillion on chewing gum for their slaves, lined their own pockets with 5 trillion to buy shares in the Casino, pay their travel and lodging expenses in the Casino, and placed 1 trillion in the Bank of Casino.
The witches from Salem conjured, and the joint luck for the Casino owner and guests ran out.
In December 2021 Russian guest complained to the owner of the Western Casino Biden that his roulette is rigged, the poker cards were marked and insisted to repair the roulette and use newly made-in-China cards.
The bewitched owner proclaimed the American Rules and refused to let Russian guests play, banned the sales of Russian jewels, travel, and lodging in Las Vegas, and confiscated $400 billion of their dough.
The bewitched Russian players declared the Russian Rules and opened in Kyiv, labeled as the Mother of the Russian cities, on February 24, 2022, a Russian Roullette, banned the dirty dollars and sell their jewels for clean roubles and yuans only.
Where is Merlin to remove the sorcery ASAP?
Afraid, we moving step by step toward WWIII.
40 Ministers of defense, headed by Secretary of Defense Lloyd J. Austin III hold a News Conference Following Ukraine Defense Consultative Group Meeting, at Ramstein Air Base, Germany
United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said last month “The prospect of nuclear conflict, once unthinkable, is now back within the realm of possibility,”
Josep Borrell, High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy declared that the fate of Ukraine will be decided on the battlefield.
Russia is sitting on a big pile of A and H nukes, and Ukraine sits on s small pile of A nukes.
Bang 1: Ukraine, as a weak attacked party will counterattack first before 09/05/2022;
Bang 2: Russia reposts the day of the attack;
Joe Biden warned many times about the Russian invasion, and now he warns about a nuclear attack.
15 nuclear reactors;
Centrifuges from Russia and Germany;
Patton institute for welding technologies;
Kharkiv Institute of Physics and Technology, nuclear research in the USSR;
4 dismantled ICBM SS25;
Yuzhny Machine-Building Plant that produced ICBM prior to 1991;
Pavlograd plant makes fuel tanks for booster rockets and plastic ICBM rocket motor casings;
Ukraine is a European Somalia with nuclear potential, the military victory of Russia may be followed by a guerrilla war supported by sanctions, supplies from the West, and a preemptive strike.
Putin is on the point to:
a) put the order in the Russian Federation;
b) stop the possibility of the dismantlement of the Russian Federation;
c) cancel the dismantlement of the USSR in 1991 in the separate republics that all have turned into independent dens of thieves, including RF;
d) reconstruct step-by-stepà from the shards of the USSR the Russian Empire in the frontiers of 1945;
The successful operation “Iron Curtain I” of 1946–1991 at a cost of $5 trillion and a profit of $30 trillion with $5 trillion of cashback during 1991–2001 to the oligarchs ended with the guided dismantlement of the USSR in 1991.
Actually, we witness the new step-by-step operation ”Iron Curtain II” of the dismantlement of the Russian Federation by turning the republic of Ukraine into the instrument thereof. Naturally, all oligarchs will lose $5 trillion immediately if they don’t comply or step by step if they comply.
After 5 months of “warnings” about the Russian Attack on Ukraine target was achieved on 24/02/2022. Putin was manipulated by MI6 and the CIA into the attack, and Russia launched the Special Operation deemed to be successful.
Step 2. The new trap of “warnings” about the Russian Attacks with chemical and/or nuclear weapons started and Putin is sure to step into it.
Putin puts nuclear forces on high alert on 28/02/2022 manipulated by MI6 and the CIA.
Step 2.2. Mar 2, 2022 — WASHINGTON—The “Peaceful” Biden administration has canceled a routine test launch of an Air Force Minuteman III missile to avoid escalating nuclear tensions.
Step 2.3. On 15/03/2022
Daily Mail, the UK starts a new campaign of warnings by publishing the interviews:
Air Marshal Edward Stringer says nuclear war is ‘no longer unthinkable’, and claims atomic weapons ‘could’ be used as Russia’s invasion continues;
EX-RAF Assistant Chief of Air Staff says it could be ‘only a few steps away.
Step 2.4. Using mass media show Putin as a nuclear aggressor, therefore
the preemptive nuclear strike against Russia is justified ;
Fact 1: Russia has erected 2012–2022 a very deep underground nuclear shelter in the Altay mountains;
Fact 2. Altay is out of reach to 15 000 tomahawks;
Fact 3. The flight time of American strategic rockets is 15–25 minutes which allows to shoot all of them down and wipe out the USA, the UK, Japan, and all other NATO countries.
Estimated loss in WWIII: the RF-50%, the USA – 60%, NATO – 90%; non belligerents – 20% of the population;
Corollary: the globalists reach the objective of reduction of the population to one billion.
To estimate the probability of WWIII you have to look at the reasons making WWI and WWII inevitable.
Following the successful operation of the guided dismantlement of the USSR in 1991 we witness the step-by-step operation of the dismantlement of the pecky Russian Federation.
After 5 months of “warnings” about the Russian Attack on Ukraine target was achieved on 24/02/2022. Putin was manipulated by MI6 and the CIA into the attack, and Russia launched the Special Operation deemed to be successful.
The dismantlement of the Russian Empire phases:
1. Russian Empire existed for 304 years, and ended in October 1917;
2. The USSR existed for 69 years, and ended in December 1991;
3. The Russian Federation exists as yet, and will end in 2024;
To estimate the probability of the future WWIII better is worthwhile to look back on the past.
The possible Sunset of the West.
Alas and alack, instead of letting Putin play the game of reconstruction of the Russian Empire (the USSR until 1991) from its largest shard the Russian Federation which was decomposing gently due to inherent corruption, the West started the Big Game that woke up the Bear with the rotten but nuclear teeth. We will show later why the West did it.
Incredible, but Biden literally pushes liberal Putin to reconstruct the “Empire”. Why did order the confiscation of the $trillions of funds they stole from Russia and placed in the West with the connivance of Putin and lose the Western leash on him, i.e the oligarchs were such leash.
Phase 1 – Prelude to WWI
The British Empire woke up in the 80th of the XIX century when it started to lose First Place labels in Science, Industry, Agriculture, and Trade, worse yet many of them initially carried the labels First discovered, made, and introduced in Britain. Queen Victoria didn’t like it and instructed British Elite to do something about it.
The British Elite obediently and diligently executed the wish of Queen Victoria and started to ask the right questions to find the right answers. It finds out that the number of labels for Britain that it was the “first to discover”, “first to invent”, “first to produce”, “first to develop”, “first to introduce” “first to occupy” started to fade rapidly. British Elite noticed that social, and technological progress started to move to other countries, therefore British Empire began sagging.
The right questions were asked: Question N°1 “Why is that so?”, Question N°2? “Who are the competitors”, and Question N°3? “How to repair the damage”. British Empire started looking for the right answers and applying them ruthlessly. It didn’t lose time and used all available ways and means for the survival and prosperity of the British Elite and, therefore the Empire.
Answer to Q1: because of the age of the Empire, the age and education of the rulers and the population, the size of Great Britain, the size of the Empire, success, and envy of competitors. One can elaborate.
Answer to Q2: the competitors are the USA, French Republic, German, Russian, Austrian, Ottoman, and Japanese Empire. To many Empires to the British taste. One can elaborate on each of them.
Answer to Q3: use all the ways and means, keep the friends close to your breast to better hug or squeeze them, control them to the utmost, don’t have eternal friends, enemies, or competitors but interests, take as much and give as little as possible, divide and rule, use the contradictions between competitors, make the competitors compete with each other, if the fight is inevitable hire a rapier, let the others fight in your place, eliminate the danger completely if it is within your reach, use propaganda.
Germany became the juggernaut of science and technology and Germany colonized about a third of South Africa in 1875-1879 and declared German South Western a colony of the German Empire in 1884. British Empire was not amused.
The USA, its former colony became not only an industrial juggernaut with a high growth rate but gobbled up as a budding Empire a couple of chunks of the former Spanish Empire, i.e Cuba, Hawaii, and Philippines, and put step by step the Latin America under control.
The Russian Empire too started to double the British Empire through the rapid construction of the network of railroads from St.Peterburg to, Moscow, Kazan, Kyiv, Donbas, Crimea, and Vladivostok with the French, German and Belgian money.
The Austrian, Ottoman and Japanese Empires were at the time figures on the political, economic, and military checkerboards that the British Empire played so well. British Empire ruled the waves because the British Elite ruled the brains.
The British Empire identifies and manipulates the weak parties, i.e the Russian, Ottoman the Japanese Empires. Who shall we mastermind, Japan and Russia, right? Britain announces its policy of “the Beautiful Isolation”. To start with, the UK made a fortune by modernizing the Japanese fleet from top to bottom and armed with long-range guns. Done in 1885–1903. The UK has an Eastern rapier to fight Russia with it.
Port Arthur was leased to Russia by the Qing dynasty of China in 1897. Moreover, British Empire successfully instigated the Russo-Japanese War of 1904 and 1905 over rival imperial ambitions of the Russian and Japanese Empires in Manchuria and Korea. On 8, February 1904 Japan attacked Russia. Britain didn’t let the Russian fleet sail through Suez Channel, therefore it had to sail Around Africa and reached the Sea of Japan as late as 5 May 1905.
A brand new Japanese fleet won all the sea battles. As a result, tiny proud Japan won, and the enormous Russian Empire loaded by ideology from the coolers in the UK was damaged gravely by the first Revolution of 1905. Thanks to the artful maneuvering of Theodore Roosevelt Russia got off the Japanese-British hook but lost the Kuril Islands and half of the rich in minerals island of Sakhalin.
The British Empire had old accounts to settle with Russia. Russian Empire wasn’t a ruly lapdog of Britain, therefore, fighting for democracy of which it was the luminous lantern it succeeded in replacing Emperors Pavel, Alexander I, and Nikolai I. The UK tried it with Hussars, lost a lot of them, and won the Crimean war of 1853–1856 but failed to crush Russia definitely.
Concluding that the Crimean warpath didn’t bring the expected spoils, the UK decided to weaken the Russian Empire with socialist, communist, and terrorist ideologies spread by Herzen, Marx, Plekhanov, Lenin&Co. For example, the Congress of the Russian Socialist Democratic Party (RSDRP) took place in London, in 1903. Later events have shown that Britain and Germany are brothers in hate against Russian Empire.
Russian Empire was allowed to exist as an ally till the revolution in February 1917 manipulated by the UK. The prime mister of the UK Lloyd George said in his speech in Parliament QUOTE One of the major objectives of the war has been reached! UNQUOTE. Methinks, Lloyd George has forgotten that Emperor Nikolai II was a quarter brother of his King George V and was an ally that lost 2 000 000 soldiers in 1914-1917.
Thereafter it was replaced by the Provisional Government (https://www.britannica.com/topic/Russian-Provisional-Government) headed by Kerensky who swore to fight to the victory and not sign a separate peace with Germany was very interested in. The separate peace with Russia meant victory for Germany within 5-6 weeks well before the American troops land in France. Therefore hundreds of the stale Russian revolutionaries returned in sealed wagons to Russia from Switzerland through Germany to make a better revolution.
The USA entered WWI in April 1917, by accident (?) the top revolutionary Trotsky arrived in Petrograd from the USA via Canada, Britain, and Finland on May 17 of 1917 to ignite the revolution in Russia. Trotsky successfully replayed the lost revolution of 1905 caused by the defeat of the Russian Empire in the war with Japan. He worked so hard that he ignited the fireworks of the new revolution as his birthday on October 25 (old style) or November 7 new style), 1917 revolution; the 7 November was fired national holiday in the USSR for 70 years till 1991.
Extracts from an article in Time by Geoffrey Wawro, September 26, 2018
It must be baldly stated: Germany would have won World War I had the U.S. Army not intervened in France in 1918. The French and British were barely hanging on in 1918. By year-end 1917, France had lost 3 million men in the war, Britain 2 million. The French army actually mutinied in 1917, half of its demoralized combat divisions refusing to attack the Germans. The British fared little better in 1917, losing 800,000 casualties in the course of a year that climaxed with the notorious three-month assault on the muddy heights of Passchendaele, where 300,000 British infantry fell to gain just two miles of ground.
By 1918, French reserves of military-aged recruits were literally a state secret; there were so few of them still alive. France maintained its 110 divisions in 1918 not by infusing them with new manpower – there was none – but by reducing the number of regiments in a French division from four to three. The British, barely maintaining 62 divisions on the Western Front, planned, in the course of 1918 – had the Americans not appeared – to reduce their divisions to thirty or fewer and essentially abandon the ground war in Europe.
1918, eventually celebrated as the Allied “Year of Victory,” seemed initially far more promising for the Germans. The French army limped into the year, effectively out of men and in revolt against its officers; British divisions, 25 percent below their normal strength because of the awful casualties of Passchendaele, had not been reinforced. Prime Minister David Lloyd George refused to send replacements to Field Marshal Douglas Haig’s army on the Western Front, so controversial were Haig’s casualties. Lloyd George feared social revolution in Britain if casualties continued to mount, and lamented that Haig “had smothered the army in mud and blood.”
Let’s acknowledge the Great Britain Empire still had the advantage of manipulating peoples, countries, Empires, and ideologies based on 300 years of experience acquired while building the British Empire. The importance of its luminaries Cambridge and Oxford has to be recognized.
Manipulations by the British Empire with Cordial Entente, with Triple Axis, will inevitably lead to WWI from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. A pretext was badly needed and rapidly found in the Balkans, AKA the killing of Archduke Ferdinand in Sarajevo in 1914. The number of killings by terrorists, anarchists, and freedom fighters of all sorts of high-ranking persons in Europe has risen dramatically starting in 1890.
British Empire had at its disposal the anglophile clique around Wilhelm II, cousin of George V, and another clique around Nicolas II, actually it was the only Empire out of 5 in Europe that could have stopped WWI. Alas, and alack, it chooses to reduce the number of many Empires in Europe to British Empire. That strategic mistake cost 800 000 British, 1 950 000 French, 90 000 Russian lives of soldiers in France, and 2 000 000 on the Eastern front. General underestimation of new armaments.
Who profited from WWI? British Empire – NO, German Empire – NO, Russian Empire – NO, Austrian Empire, – NO, Ottoman Empire – NO. American Empire – YES. Will, there be a surprise from British Empire in the future – a replay called WWII.
100 years WWIII
On 19 October 1945, George Orwell used for WWII the term cold war speculating on the repercussions of the atomic age which had when the United States bombed Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Orwell considered the social and political implications of “a state which was at once unconquerable and in a permanent state of “cold war” with its neighbors.”
WWIII started on March 5, 1946, with the Iron Curtain speech delivered by former British prime minister Winston Churchill in Fulton, Missouri, in which he stressed the necessity for the United States and Britain to act as the guardians of peace and stability against the menace of Soviet communism, i.e west European ideology.
The events, mistakes, and misunderstandings in WWIII
The USA, for example, didn’t share products of the Manhattan project based on what the British called “the Cold Tube” with the UK. President Truman said “the buck stops here”, i.e meaning that it was paid by American money.
The UK paid back by letting its own communist spies, i.e “Cambridge Five” steal the American technology and give it to the Soviets. Later the UK continued the practice of sharing what wasn’t theirs by giving this technology to Pakistan and India.
The former allies of WWII organized the Nuremberg trials, in 1945–46, of the former Nazi leaders who were indicted and tried as war criminals by the International Military Tribunal.
The USA refused to nuke Leningrad and Moscow despite the advice of W.Churchill pretending it has only 2 nukes left after successful live tests in Hiroshima and Nagasaki which didn’t balance the Russian Army of 10 million troops.
The USA and the USSR started the step-by-step dismantlement of the British Empire. In May 1946, Truman announced his approval of a recommendation to admit 100,000 displaced persons into Palestine and in October publicly declared his support for the creation of a Jewish state.
1947 November 29, the United Nations adopted Resolution 181 (also known as the Partition Resolution) that would divide Great Britain’s former Palestinian mandate into Jewish and Arab states.
1947 26 July: Creation of the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency.
1947 14–15 August: Independence of India and Pakistan and beginning of First Indo-Pakistani War.
1947 Hyundai Group was founded by Chung Ju-Yung in Seoul, South Korea.
1948 30 January: Assassination of Mahatma Gandhi.
1948 4 February: Independence of Burma and Ceylon (Sri Lanka) from Britain.
1948 3 April: The Marshall Plan, an American initiative for foreign aid of $13 billion to 16 1948 Western European countries, comes into effect.
1948 7 April: The World Health Organization (WHO) was founded.
1948 16 April: The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) was founded.
1948 23 April: The Soviet Sever-2 expedition becomes the first party to set foot on the North Pole.
1948 14 May: the UN establishes Israeli Independence and the formation of the official State of Israel.
1948 15 May: The Arab–Israeli War begins.
1948 24 June: Berlin Blockade begins.
1948 August to September: Division of North and South Korea.
1948 24 September: Honda was founded in Hamamatsu, Japan by Soichiro Honda and Takeo Fujisawa.
1949 5 January: The First Indo-Pakistani War ends.
1949 5–8 January: COMECON was founded by USSR and the Eastern Bloc.
1949 1949 4 April: Creation of NATO.
1949 12 May: Berlin Blockade ends.
1949 23 May: Creation of NATO-backed Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany).
1949 8 June: George Orwell publishes Nineteen Eighty-Four.
1949 1 October: Establishment of the People’s Republic of China under CCP Chairman Mao Zedong. 1949 The Republic of China relocates to Taiwan.
1949 7 October: Creation of the socialist German Democratic Republic (East Germany).
1949 Soviet Union tested its first atomic bomb.
1950 26 January: The Constitution of India comes into effect.
1950 Communist victory in the Landing Operation on Hainan Island (March to May) and the Wanshan Archipelago Campaign end the Chinese Civil War (May to August).
1950 25 June: North Korean invasion of South Korea begins the Korean War.
1950 August to September: North Korean forces capture most of Korea, to the Pusan Perimeter.
1950 September to November: UN forces reclaim Seoul and invade North Korea.
1950 October: Alan Turing publishes the Turing test, one of the most influential yet controversial concepts in artificial intelligence research.
1950 17 November: Lhamo Dondrub assumes full political powers as the 14th Dalai Lama of Tibet.
1951 1 July: Colombo Plan, a regional organization of 27 countries designed to strengthen the 1951 economic and social development of member countries in the Asia-Pacific region, commences.
1951 8 September: The Treaty of San Francisco ends the Occupation of Japan and formally concludes hostilities between Japan and the US.
1951 26 October: Winston Churchill becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
1951 The Soviet Union has a number of atomic bombs.
1952 6 February: Queen Elizabeth II becomes Monarch of the Commonwealth realms.
1952 May: Bonn–Paris conventions end the allied occupation of West Germany.
1952 27 May: European Defence Community formed.
1952 23 July: Egyptian Revolution under G. Nasser overthrows King Farouk and ends British occupation. 1952 3 October: the UK detonates its first A-bomb.
1952 1 November: The United States successfully detonates the first hydrogen bomb, codenamed “Ivy Mike”, at Eniwetok Atoll in the Marshall Islands in the central Pacific Ocean, with a yield of 10.4 megatons.
1952 Development of the first effective polio vaccine by Jonas Salk.
1952 The Mau Mau Uprising begins in Kenya.
1953 20 January: Dwight D. Eisenhower is inaugurated as President of the United States.
1953 5 March: Death of Stalin.
1953 25 April: Discovery of the three-dimensional structure of DNA.
1953 2 June: Coronation of Elizabeth II.
1953 16–17 June: The arrest and execution of Lavrentiy Beria. 1953 – a power struggle begins between Georgy Malenkov and Nikita Khrushchev.
1953 27 July: End of the Korean War. 1953 12 August: the USSR detonates its first H-bomb.
1953 19 August: Mohammed Mossadeq was deposed in Iran.
1953 9 November: Independence of Cambodia.
1954 1 August: First Indochina War ends.
1954 14 September: The Soviet Union generates the first electricity by nuclear power.
1954 23 October: The Western European Union is established.
1954 1 November: Algerian War begins.
1955 After winning the power struggle that followed Stalin’s death two years earlier, Nikita Khrushchev assumes control of the Soviet Union.
1955 24 February: Formation of the Central Treaty Organization.
1955 6 April: Anthony Eden becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
1955 12 April: The Salk polio vaccine having passed large-scale trials earlier in the United States, receives full approval from the Food and Drug Administration.
1955 14 May: Signing of the Warsaw Pact.
1956 1 January: Independence of Sudan from Britain. 1956 14–25 February: at the 20th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Khrushchev denounced the personality cult and dictatorship of Joseph Stalin.
1956 20 March: Independence of Tunisia from France.
1956 23 March: Full independence of Pakistan.
1956 Central Treaty Organization to counter the threat of Soviet expansion into the Middle East. 1956 11 November: The Hungarian Uprising was crushed by Soviet troops. 1956 Nasser nationalizes the Suez Canal triggering the Suez crisis.
1957 10 January: Harold Macmillan becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
1957 6 March: Independence of Ghana from Britain.
1957 17 March: Philippine President Ramon Magsaysay and 24 others are killed in a plane crash.
1957 25 March: Treaty of Rome, which would eventually lead to the European Union. 1957 15 May: the UK detonates its first H-bomb.
1957 28 July to 5 August World Festival of Youth and Students in Moscow. 1957 4 October: Launch of Sputnik 1 and the beginning of the Space Age.
1957 3 November: Laika becomes the first animal launched into Earth’s orbit.
1957 Beginning of the Asian flu in China, leading to a worldwide pandemic.
1958 29 July: NASA formed.
1958 23 August: Federal Aviation Authority formed.
1958 4 October: the French Fifth Republic was established.
1958 28 October: John XXIII becomes Pope.
1959 World population reaches three billion.
1959 19 February: Independence of Cyprus.
1959 4 July: Admission of Alaska, the 49th state, into the United States.
1959 21 August: Admission of Hawaii, the 50th state, into the United States.
1959 7 October: The USSR probe Luna 3 sends back the first-ever photos of the far side of the Moon.
1959 The Gulag has been disbanded after 1,6 recorded deaths of 15 million prisoners from 1930-to 1958.
1960 European Free Trade Association was formed.
1960 17 January: The assassination of Patrice Lumumba begins the Congo Crisis. 1960 13 February: France detonates its first A-bomb in Algeria.
1960 1 May: 1960 U-2 spy plane incident caused by the soviet antiaircraft missile sparks deterioration in relations between superpowers.
1960 8 November: The 1960 United States presidential election marks the first televised debates between presidential candidates.
1960 Khrushchev withdraws Soviet cooperation with China, initiating the Sino-Soviet split.
1960 Mau Mau Uprising ends.
1960 The Beatles formed in Liverpool.
1961 20 January: John F. Kennedy is inaugurated as President of the United States.
1961 12 April: Yuri Gagarin, flying the Vostok 1 spacecraft as part of the Vostok program, becomes the first human in space.
1961 25 May: In an address to Congress, John F. Kennedy declares the United States’ objective of “landing a man on the Moon and returning him safely to the Earth”
1961 13 August: Construction of the Berlin Wall.1961 8 September: UN Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjöld dies in a plane crash.
1961 The Great Leap Forward ends in China after the deaths of roughly 20-45 million people.
1962 19 March: The Algerian War ends with the independence of Algeria. 1962 26 July, Rolling Stones formed
1962 11 October: The Second Vatican Council is opened by Pope John XXIII.
1962 16–29 October: The Cuban Missile Crisis nearly causes nuclear war.
1963 21 June: Paul VI becomes Pope.
1963 19 October: Alec Douglas-Home becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
1963 22 November: Assassination of John F. Kennedy. Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson steps in.
1964 2 July: Civil Rights Act abolishes segregation in the USA.
1964 14 October: Leonid Brezhnev ousts Khrushchev and assumes power in the Soviet Union.
1964 16 October: Harold Wilson becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. 1964 16 October: China detonates its first A-bomb. 1964 France forces the USA to change $300 million paper dollars for gold at $35/oz.
1965 24 January: Death of Winston Churchill.
1965 8 December: Second Vatican Council is closed by Pope Paul VI.
1965 30 December: Ferdinand Marcos becomes President of the Philippines. 1965 France forces the USA anew to change $300 million paper dollars for gold at $35/oz.
1966 China’s Cultural Revolution begins.11 August: The Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation ends.
1966 Joseph Weizenbaum, a German computer scientist at MIT, completes ELIZA, the first-ever chatbot. 1966 France forces the USA again to change $300 million paper dollars for gold at $35/oz.
1967 A 0 series Shinkansen high-speed rail set in Tokyo, May 1967. 1967 17 August: China detonates its first H-bomb. 1967 France withdraws from NATO as the USA refuses to change $300 banknotes for gold at $35/oz.
1968 January to March: Protests erupt in the United States, Europe, and Latin America.
1968 January to August: Prague Spring was crushed by the Warsaw Bloc military intervention. 1968 May student revolution in France.
1968 January to September: The Tet Offensive occurs in South Vietnam.
1968 4 April: Assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. during the Poor People’s Campaign.
1968 5 June: Assassination of Robert F. Kennedy during the Poor People’s Campaign.
1968 Another new strain of the flu in Hong Kong spreads again.
1968 The Troubles begin in Northern Ireland.
1969 20 January: Richard Nixon is inaugurated as President of the United States.
1969 March to September: Sino-Soviet border conflict.
1969 20 July: The first manned mission to the Moon.
1969 1 September: Muammar Gaddafi overthrows King Idris of Libya in a Coup d’état and establishes the Libyan Arab Republic.
1969 29 October: Creation of Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET), the earliest incarnation of the Internet.
1970 5 March: Ratification of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons.
1970 19 June: Edward Heath becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
1970 28 September: Death of Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser.
1970 October to December: FLQ seizes hostages, causing Prime Minister Pierre Elliot Trudeau of Canada to issue the War Measures Act.
1970 15 October: Anwar Sadat becomes the President of Egypt.
1970 18 December: Establishment of Airbus.
1971 25 January: Idi Amin seizes power in Uganda.
1971 26 March: Bangladesh Liberation War occurred, independence of Bangladesh from Pakistan and precipitates Third Indo-Pakistani War.
1971 9–10 August: Internment begins in Northern Ireland.
1971 President of the USA Nixon’s shock removes gold back-up for the US Dollar triggering the export of inflation from rich to poor nations.
1971 Greenpeace was founded.
1972 30 January: Northern Ireland’s Bloody Sunday.
1972 5–6 September: The Munich massacre, perpetrated by the Black September terrorist organization and aimed at the Israeli Olympic team, results in 17 total deaths.
1973 14 May: The first space station, Skylab, is launched.
1973 October: 1973 oil crisis.
1973 6 to 25 October: Yom Kippur War.
1973 3 December: Pioneer 10 sends back the first close-up images of Jupiter.
1974 World population reaches four billion.
1974 4 March: Harold Wilson becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
1974 July to August: The Turkish invasion of Cyprus leads to the creation of Northern Cyprus.
1974 8-9 August: Resignation of Richard Nixon; Vice President Gerald Ford assumes office as President of the United States, the first person not elected as either President or Vice President to take the role.
1974 12 September: Emperor Haile Selassie I of Ethiopia is overthrown in a military coup.
1974 24 November: Discovery of “Lucy” (Australopithecus afarensis) in Tanzania’s Olduvai Gorge.
1975 January: Altair 8800, the first commercially successful personal computer, is released.
1975 4 April: Microsoft was founded in Albuquerque, New Mexico by Bill Gates and Paul Allen.
1975 17 April: The Cambodian Civil War ends with victory for the Khmer Rouge.
1975 30 April: The Fall of Saigon ends the Vietnam War.
1975 20 November: Death of Francisco Franco.
1975 22 November: Juan Carlos I becomes King of Spain.
1975 The Killing Fields murders begin.
1976 5 April: James Callaghan becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
1976 9 September: Death of Mao Zedong.
1976 6 October: End of Cultural Revolution in China.
1976 First outbreak of the Ebola virus in Zaire.
1977 20 January: Jimmy Carter is inaugurated as President of the United States.
1977 9 February: Queen Alia of Jordan is killed in a helicopter crash.
1977 26 October: The last wild case of smallpox is eradicated by the WHO.
1978 27 April: The War in Afghanistan (1978–present) begins.
1978 26 August: John Paul I becomes pope.
1978 28 September: John Paul I dies, his papacy being one of the shortest in history.
1978 1 October: Independence of Tuvalu from Britain.
1978 16 October: John Paul II becomes pope.
1978 18 December: Deng Xiaoping commences the Chinese economic reform.
1979 7 January: The Vietnamese invasion of Kampuchea ends Cambodia’s Khmer Rouge regime.
1979 11 February: The Iranian Revolution ends. Shah Reza Pahlavi is overthrown and forced into
1979 28 March: The Three Mile Island nuclear accident
1979 4 May: Margaret Thatcher becomes the first female Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
1979 4 November: The Iran hostage crisis begins.
1979 12 December: The Rhodesian Bush War ends.
1979 24 December: The Soviet-Afghan War begins.
1979 Implementation of China’s one-child policy.
1979 The 1979 oil crisis becomes the second one since 1973.
1980 18 April: Independence of Rhodesia, which becomes Zimbabwe.
1980 30 April: Queen Beatrix becomes monarch of the Netherlands.
1980 31 August: Solidarity union forms at Poland’s Gdańsk Shipyard under Lech Wałęsa, and begins agitation for greater personal freedoms.
1980 4 November: Ronald Reagan is elected as the 40th President of the United States, the oldest person to be elected.
1980 8 December: Murder of John Lennon.
1981 20 January: Ronald Reagan is inaugurated as President of the United States.
1981 30 March: President Reagan and three others are injured after an assassination attempt.
1981 13 May: Pope John Paul II assassination attempt.
1981 5 June: The AIDS epidemic officially begins in the United States, having originated in Africa; making this to be an ongoing pandemic.
1981 6 October: Assassination of Anwar Sadat.
1982 25 April: Israel withdraws from the Sinai Peninsula.
1982 April to June: Falklands War.
1982 1 October: Sony releases the world’s first commercially sold CD Player, the Sony CDP-101.
1982 10–15 November: Death of Leonid Brezhnev; Yuri Andropov becomes General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
1983 1 January: Independence of Brunei.
1983 18 April: The Bombing of the U.S. Embassy in Beirut results in 63 deaths.
1983 1 September: Korean Air Lines Flight 007, a scheduled flight from New York City to Seoul via Anchorage, Alaska, is shot down by a Soviet Su-15 interceptor, resulting in 269 fatalities and no survivors. This leads to the declassification of GPS development.
1984 13 February: Konstantin Chernenko becomes General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
1984 31 October: Assassination of Indira Gandhi, Indian Prime Minister.
1985 11 March: Mikhail Gorbachev becomes General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
1985 20 August: Beginning of the Iran–Contra affair, a political scandal in the United States that occurred during the second term of the Reagan Administration involved the sale of arms to the Khomeini government of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
19 September: An earthquake in Mexico City, magnitude 8.0, kills from 5,000 to 45,000 people.
1 October: The release date of the Macintosh 128K, the first successful mass-market personal
1986 28 February: Assassination of Olof Palme, Prime Minister of Sweden.
1986 26 April: The Chornobyl disaster in Ukraine kills about 100 people.
1987 World population reaches five billion.
1987 19 October: The stock market crash of 1987.
1988 2 January: The beginning of the perestroika (“restructuring”), a political movement for reformation within the Communist Party of the Soviet Union during the 1980s associated with Gorbachev and his glasnost (“openness”) policy reform.
1988 21 December: Pan Am Flight 103 falls over Lockerbie, Scotland, killing 270 people and leaving no survivors.
1988 George H. W. Bush is elected President of the United States.
1989 1989 20 January: George H. W. Bush is inaugurated as President of the United States.
1989 14 February: Fatwa issued against Salman Rushdie.
1989 15 February: End of the Soviet war in Afghanistan.
1989 3 June: Ruhollah Khomeini dies; Ali Khamenei becomes Supreme Leader of Iran.
1989 Fall of the Berlin Wall; the Revolutions of 1989 and the collapse of the Warsaw Bloc begin in Europe, which leads to the end of the Cold War.
1989 25 December: Trial and execution of Nicolae and Elena Ceaușescu in Romania.
1990 11 March: End of the dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet in Chile.
1990 2 August: Gulf War begins.
1990 3 October: German reunification.
1990 28 November: John Major becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
1990 20 December: Tim Berners-Lee publishes the first website, which described the World Wide Web project.
1990 The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change releases its first assessment report, linking increases in carbon dioxide in the Earth’s atmosphere, and a resultant rise in global temperature, to human activities.
1991 28 February: The Gulf War ends in US withdrawal and a failed uprising.
1991 21 May: Assassination of Rajiv Gandhi, Indian Prime Minister.
1991 10 July: Boris Yeltsin becomes the first President of Russia.
1991 28 September: Death of Miles Davis, American trumpeter, bandleader, and composer.
1991 26 December: Dissolution of the Soviet Union and independence of 15 former Soviet republics.
1991 Sino-Soviet Border Agreement.
1992 7 February: The Maastricht Treaty creates the European Union.
1992 April: End of dictatorship in Albania.
1992 6 April: The Bosnian War begins.
1992 8 August: After the end of its dictatorship, South Korea is admitted to the UN.
1992 29 December: After controversies surrounding his result in an impeachment process, Fernando Collor resigns and Itamar Franco takes office as President of Brazil.
1992 Discovery of the Kuiper belt and the first extrasolar planets.
1993 1 January: Velvet Divorce between the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
1993 20 January: Bill Clinton is inaugurated as President of the United States.
1993 13 September: Oslo accords end First Intifada between Israel and Palestine.
1994 1 January: Establishment of North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
1994 10 May: End of apartheid in South Africa and election of Nelson Mandela.
1994 6 May: Opening of the Channel Tunnel.
1994 5 July: Amazon was founded in Bellevue, Washington by Jeff Bezos.
1995 1 January: Establishment of the World Trade Organization.
1995 Austria, Finland, and Sweden join the European Union.
1995 20 March: The Tokyo subway sarin attack, was an act of domestic terrorism perpetrated by members of the doomsday cult movement Aum Shinrikyo (now Aleph), in which they released sarin, an extremely toxic synthetic compound, in five coordinated attacks, resulting in 13 deaths and 6,252 injuries.
1995 August to September: NATO bombing raids in Bosnia end the Bosnian War.
1995 28 September: Oslo II Accord.
1995 4 November: Assassination of Yitzhak Rabin, Israeli Prime Minister, and Defence Minister, by Yigal Amir, an Israeli right-wing extremist.
1995 14 December: The signing of the Dayton Accords put an end to the three-and-a-half-year-long Bosnian War.
1997 2 May: Tony Blair becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
1997 1 July: Transfer of sovereignty over Hong Kong from the UK to China. 1997 Kofi Annan began his term as the seventh Secretary-General.
1998 February: Osama bin Laden publishes a fatwa against the West.
1998 28 May: Murder of Phil Hartman.
1998 4 September: Google is founded by Larry Page and Sergey Brin.
1998 October to November: Hurricane Mitch leaves more than 19,325 dead in Central America as a result of catastrophic flooding and mudslides.
1999 1 January: Euro was introduced to the financial markets. Coins and banknotes enter circulation in participating countries in 2002.
1999 11 June: The end of the Kosovo War ends the Yugoslav Wars.
1999 16 July: John F. Kennedy Jr. dies in a plane crash.
1999 12 October: World population reaches 6 billion.
1999 31 December: Vladimir Putin becomes President of Russia.
2000 George W. Bush takes office as the 43rd president of the United States.
2000 September 11 attacks: Al-Qaeda terrorists crash two planes into the twin towers of the 2000 World Trade Center in New York City, and the third plane into the Pentagon in Washington, DC. A fourth plane is downed on the outskirts of Stonycreek Township, Pennsylvania; 2,996 people die in the attacks.
2000 Crash of Airbus 300 of American Airlines Flight 587, 290 people died.
2000 An earthquake strikes Gujarat, India, on Republic Day, resulting in more than 20,000 deaths.
2000 The United States invades Afghanistan and topples the Taliban regime, resulting in a long-term war.
2000 China becomes a member of the World Trade Organization.
2000 Wikipedia is launched.
2001 George W. Bush takes office as the 43rd president of the United States.
2001 September 11 attacks: Al-Qaeda terrorists crash two planes into the twin towers of the World Trade Center in New York City, and the third plane into the Pentagon in Washington, DC. A fourth plane is downed on the outskirts of Stonycreek Township, Pennsylvania; 2,996 people die in the attacks.
2001 Crash of American Airlines Flight 587.
2001 An earthquake strikes Gujarat, India, on Republic Day, resulting in more than 20,000 deaths.
2001 The United States invades Afghanistan and topples the Taliban regime, resulting in a long-term war.
2001 China becomes a member of the World Trade Organization.
Wikipedia is launched.
2001 Eleven members of the royal family of Nepal, including the king and queen, are killed by Crown Prince Dipendra, who wounds himself and dies three days later.
2001 Enron filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy after a series of scandals.
2002 The African Union is founded.
2002 Chechen rebels seize a theater in Moscow. Amid this siege, around 200 people died.
2002 The Euro enters circulation.
2002 Switzerland joins the United Nations as the 190th member.
2002 The International Criminal Court is established.
2002 The Guantanamo Bay detention camp is established.
2002 Golden Jubilee of Elizabeth II.
2002 Hu Jintao is elected as General Secretary of the Communist Party of China.
2003 The United States invades Iraq and ousts Saddam Hussein, triggering worldwide protests and an 8-year war.
2003 Space Shuttle Columbia disintegrates upon re-entry, killing all 7 astronauts on board.
2003 The Human Genome Project is completed.
2003 The Rose Revolution occurs in Georgia.
2003 The first six-party talks, involved South and North Korea, the United States, China, Japan, and Russia.
2004 NATO and the European Union incorporate most of the former Eastern Bloc.
2004 Union of South American Nations formed.
2004 President of the Palestinian National Authority Yasser Arafat dies.
2004 Orange Revolution in Ukraine.
2004 Boxing Day Tsunami occurs in the Indian Ocean, leading to the deaths of 230,000.
2005 The Irish Republican Army end its military campaign in Northern Ireland.
2005 7/7 attacks on London Underground.
2005 Angela Merkel becomes Germany’s first female Chancellor.
2005 Tulip Revolution in Kyrgyzstan.
2005 Israel withdraws from Gaza.
2005 Cedar Revolution in Lebanon was triggered by the assassination of Rafic Hariri.
2005 The Kyoto Protocol comes into effect.
2005 Pope John Paul II dies, and Benedict XVI becomes Pope.
2005 World Summit.
2006 Independence of Montenegro.
2006 Lebanon War.
2006 Comprehensive Peace Accord ends the Nepalese Civil War.
2006 The International Astronomical Union creates the first formal definition of a planet and excludes Pluto from the list.
2006 Execution of Saddam Hussein. Saddam Hussein was judged for a military crime in 1982 and asked to be executed by a firing squad but was hung instead.
2006 A coup d’état in Thailand overthrows the government of Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra.
2007 Spike in food prices and subprime crisis helped trigger a global recession.
2007 Assassination of Benazir Bhutto.
2007 Gordon Brown becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
2008 Stock markets plunge around the world, signaling the start of the Great Recession.
2008 Barack Obama is elected as the President of the United States
2008 Dmitry Medvedev becomes President of Russia.
2008 The Gaza War begins.
2008 South Ossetia war.
2010 After the 2010 United Kingdom general election, David Cameron becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
2010 The largest oil spill in US history occurs in the Gulf of Mexico.
Arab Spring starts.
2010 Kyrgyz Revolution of 2010.
2010 Nigerien coup d’état.
2010 The President of Poland, Lech Kaczyński, is among 96 killed when their airplane crashes in Smolensk on April 10.
2011 World population reaches 7 billion.
2011 Osama bin Laden is shot dead by United States Navy SEALs in Pakistan.
2011 Arab Spring: revolutions in Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya follow, as well as uprisings in Yemen and Bahrain, and protests in several other Arab countries.
2011 Wedding of Prince William and Catherine Middleton.
2011 Occupy movement inspires worldwide protests.
2011 Riots flare across England.
2011 Muammar Gaddafi is captured and killed during the Battle of Sirte.
2011 Space Shuttle program is officially ended.
2012 The Higgs boson is discovered.
2012 Vladimir Putin is elected president of Russia for the third time.
2012 UN Climate Change Conference agrees to extend the Kyoto Protocol until 2020.
2012 Diamond Jubilee of Elizabeth II.
2012 Barack Obama wins the second term as President of the United States
2012 Xi Jinping is elected as General Secretary of the Communist Party of China.
2013 Pope Benedict XVI resigns, the first Pope to do so since 1415, and Pope Francis is elected, becoming the first Pope from Latin America and the first Jesuit to become one.
2013 Death and state funeral of Hugo Chavez.
2013 President of Egypt Mohamed Morsi is deposed by the military in a coup d’état.
2013 Croatia becomes a member of the European Union.
2013 Death and state funeral of Nelson Mandela.
2014 Russia’s annexation of Crimea and the War in Donbas.
2014 King Juan Carlos I of Spain abdicates; his son becomes King Felipe VI.
2014 The people in Scotland voted to remain in the United Kingdom.
2014 Narendra Modi is elected as the Prime Minister of India.
2015 A series of earthquakes in the Himalayas kills over 10,000 people.
2015 The heads of China and Taiwan meet for the first time, while the United States and Cuba resume diplomatic relations.
2015 195 nations agree to lower carbon emissions.
European migrant crisis.
2016 The United Nations lifts sanctions on Iran in recognition of the dismantling of its nuclear program.
2016 Pope Francis and Patriarch Kirill sign the Ecumenical Declaration, the first meeting between Catholic and Orthodox heads since their split in 1054.
2016 Barack Obama becomes the first U.S. president to visit Cuba since Calvin Coolidge in 1928.
2016 The Paris Agreement, signed by 195 nations to fight global warming, goes into effect.
2016 The people of the United Kingdom voted to leave the European Union; David Cameron resigns as a result, and Theresa May succeeded him as the Prime Minister.
2016 Donald Trump wins the 2016 presidential election by the electoral college while losing the popular vote by 2.87 million.
2017 Kim Jong-Nam, the half-brother of Kim Jong-Un, is assassinated in Kuala Lumpur
2017 Two earthquakes struck Mexico on September 8 and September 19, killing over 400 people
2017 The city of Charlottesville is the site of a far-right rally protesting the removal of Confederate statues throughout the US.
2018 Turkey invades northern Syria, while 70 die in a chemical attack, triggering a missile strike against Bashar al-Assad.
2018 The first summit between the US and North Korea and the first-ever crossing of the Korean Demilitarized Zone by a North Korean leader occur.
2018 the Yellow vests movement becomes France’s largest sustained period of civil unrest since 1968.
2018 The Sunda strait tsunami kills 426 and injures 14,000 and the 2018 Sulawesi earthquake and tsunami kills 4,340 and injures 10,700.
2018 Exiled Washington Post journalist Jamal Khashoggi is assassinated inside the Saudi consulate in Istanbul, triggering a diplomatic crisis for Saudi Arabia.
2018 Macedonia and Greece reach a historic agreement in Macedonia naming dispute, in which the former is renamed in 2019 the ‘Republic of North Macedonia’.
2018 China’s National People’s Congress voted to abolish presidential term limits, allowing Xi Jinping to rule for life. Xi is also the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, the highest position without term limits.
2018 Armenian revolution occurs.
2018 Wedding of Prince Harry and Meghan Markle.
2019 Christchurch mosque shootings kill 51 people, while a suicide bombing in Iran kills 41, and a series of bomb attacks in Sri Lanka kills 250.
2019 Abdelaziz Bouteflika resigns as President of Algeria
2019 India revokes the special status of Jammu and Kashmir.
A major fire engulfs Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris, resulting in the roof and the main spire collapsing.
2019 Pope Francis abolishes pontifical secrecy in sex abuse cases.
2019 US President Donald Trump is impeached by the House of Representatives for abuse of power and obstruction of Congress.
2019 The COVID-19 pandemic begins in Wuhan, China; the start of an ongoing global pandemic.
2019 The United States Space Force is announced by Vice President Mike Pence and created in December.
2020 The COVID-19 pandemic claims 4 million lives and infects 190 million people worldwide.
2020 Donald Trump is acquitted by the United States Senate in his first impeachment trial.
2020 Qasem Soleimani is targeted and killed at Baghdad International Airport.
2020 The United Kingdom formally withdraws from the European Union.
2020 Fears of COVID-19 caused the Dow Jones Industrial Average to fall ten percent in one week, its largest drop in history, triggering the COVID-19 Recession, the worst economic crisis since the Great Depression.
2020 The United States signs a tentative peace agreement with the Taliban.
2020 The murder of George Floyd sparks protests across the United States and the world.
2020 China’s National People’s Congress grants itself sweeping powers to curtail civil liberties in Hong Kong.
2020 Crewed spaceflight resumes in the United States for the first time since 2011.
2020 Protests begin in Bulgaria against the government of Boyko Borisov.
2020 Nagorno-Karabakh war between Armenia and Azerbaijan.
2020 The United States formally exits the Paris Agreement on climate change.
2020 Joe Biden wins the 2020 United States presidential election and becomes the 46th President of the United States.
2020 Kamala Harris becomes the first female, Black, and Asian vice president in the U.S.A.
To be listed soon
To be continued…