Escape of Europe

“History is a pack of lies about events that never happened told by people who weren’t there.” – George Santayana, American philosopher (1863-1952).

Escape of Europe from the Evil Empire of Eurasia

“Who controls the past controls the future. Who controls the present controls the past.”– George Orwell, 1984.

By the middle of the XVIth century, the prime political agenda of Europe that has reached superiority in Sciences and Technologies but was still inferior militarily was to free itself from the control of the Empire of Eurasia.

History: Fiction or Science? Dating methods as offered by mathematical statistics. Eclipses and zodiacs. New Chronology Vol.I 2nd revised, expanded Edition. See Table of Contents 

The learned scholars, clergy, and the monastic orders invented in the XIII-XVth centuries the phantom world of ancient Egypt, Rome, Greece, and Persia, wrote their histories and populated them with the figureheads of rulers, warriors, saints, philosophers, and scientists.

The concerted effort of European aristocracy, black and white Catholic clergy despite the bitter fights with Protestants, humanists, and scientists in the XV-XVII th centuries in the creation and dissemination of ideas of the fictional Ancient World and Dark Ages served this agenda.

History: Fiction or Science? The dynastic parallelism method. Rome. Troy. Greece. The Bible. Chronological shifts. New Chronology Vol.2 See Table of Contents

The fictional Ancient World was created by black and white Catholic clergy, Protestants, humanists and scientists by representing events of XI-XVI centuries as ones that happened thousands of years before according to the ancient authorities they invented and the sources they wrote under aliases.

History: Fiction or Science? Astronomical methods as applied to chronology. Ptolemy’s Almagest. Tycho Brahe. Copernicus. The Egyptian zodiacs. New Chronology vol.3. See Table of Contents

The European aristocracy, some of which were fugitives from Byzantine (Crusades and Exoduses) and some the inheritors of Eurasian warlords, supported the myth of the Ancient World to justify their claims to countries they wanted to self-rule tax-free from the Evil Empire.

History: Fiction or Science? Russia. Britain. Byzantium. Rome. New Chronology vol.4. See Table of Contents

The black and white Catholic clergy, Protestants from the countries ruled by the European aristocracy developed and supported the myth of the Ancient World to justify their own claims of being more ancient and thus closer to origins of true Christianity (Apocalypse as seen by Astronomy) in order to split from the Oriental Eurasian orthodoxy.

The scientists supported the myth of the Ancient World as a safe cover of their contrarian (i.e. Giordano Bruno, Galileo) research that produced results too heretic from the point of view of Christianity (Astronomy vs History).

The medieval astronomers based their discoveries by the imaginary authority of allegedly ancient scientists like Ptolemy et al they themselves invented and used as their own pseudonyms.

History: Fiction or Science? Astronomical methods as applied to chronology. Ptolemy’s Almagest. Tycho Brahe. Copernicus. The Egyptian zodiacs. New Chronology vol.3. See Table of Contents

The Humanists and Protestants had to develop and support the myth of the Ancient World as a safe haven for their ideas that conflicted with Christianity and aristocracy (i.e. John Wycliffe, Tyndale, John Huss, Savonarola). They too presented their ideas as ones of ancient authors they invented and wrote their treatises under noble Greek, Roman, Latin, and Aramaic aliases.

Jesuits breed Atheism

According to the consensual chronology of world history manufactured by the Jesuits in the XVI-XVII centuries, a number of philosophers concluded by XVIII century that Jesus Christ is only a myth, constructed from elements of earlier ancient beliefs, Sun worship, and human sacrifices.

Armed with the arbitrary kabbalistic chronology of Scaliger and Jesuit Petavius, the encyclopedists Voltaire, Diderot et Rousseau prove that most dogmas and postulates of Christianity were known long before Jesus Christ. Consequently, Christianity consists of elements preceding ancient religions.

Per these superstars of Enlightenment, the very idea of the eternal soul appears initially in India 3000 years before Jesus, and Hell comes to Christianity from extremely ancient Persia. Archangel Gabriel’s visit to The Virgin Mary is copied on Mercury’s visit to nymph Alcmene on the order of Jupiter. Gospels are fairy tales, etc.

The chronology of kabbalist Scaliger and Jesuit Petavius has led thinkers of the past astray. Many a scientist followed in the steps of Voltaire et al to discover numerous parallels between Jesus Christ and ‘ancient’ figures – Buddha, Krishna, Mithras, Osiris, Horus, etc. As a result of such ‘discoveries’, the authority of Christianity was put in doubt, and atheism started to spread.

Atheism has rapidly found supporters in the scientific community for the simple reason that Scaliger’s chronology is presumed to be correct and irrefutable. The Church hierarchy of that time makes a grave mistake by not pairing the attacks of atheists with scientific arguments and revision of the erroneous Scaliger Chronology.

Atheists argue that if the consensual chronology is correct, then the atheist anti-Christian criticism based on it is also true. If most of the “facts about Jesus” existed before Jesus, then these ‘facts’ are copies of more ancient events. Therefore, Jesus Christ is fiction, and Christianity is questioned.

The number of people disappointed in Christianity grows first in the scientific communities. The skepticism spreads with literacy from scientists to the general public. It is impossible to refute the atheists because of the ‘irrefutable’ ancient dates of consensual chronology. The authority of Christianity is undermined.

The fundamental error committed by Church hierarchs of the XVIII century was the unwillingness and fear to check and refute erroneous dates attributed to Christianity. The appeal of Jesuit Jean Hardouin, chief librarian of Louis XIV and Curator of Louvre, and Sir Isaac Newton to identify and correct the mistakes of Scaliger-Petavius chronology is ignored.

The Church hierarchy confined itself to the vague “inviolability of faith”. It failed to restore the correct dates and to prove that Jesus Christ was not a “literary compilation”. All numerous allegedly “ancient” prototypes of Jesus are eventually phantom reflections (on paper) of the emperor Andronicus alias Jesus Christ alias Saint Andrew from the XIIth century.

Such reflections of Jesus Christ are allegedly very ‘ancient’ figures, and labeled by the atheists as “the prototypes of Jesus”. The contrary is true because in New Chronology historical Jesus preceded ‘ancient deities’, therefore the importance of Jesus Christ-Andronicus-Saint Andrew increases dramatically.

According to New Chronology, all ancient deities appeared after Christianity: Mithra, Horus, Buddha, Shiva, etc.. are reflections of Jesus. They all have appeared as a result of subsequent splits, and mutations into competing faiths: Orthodoxy, Catholicism, Eastern and Oriental Christianity, Mithraism, Judaism, Buddism, and Islam.

The charges against New Chronology being harmful to Christianity are very unfounded. On the contrary, New Chronology makes many atheistic arguments null & void. New Chronology protects Christianity from atheistic attacks by placing events of civilization in their more probable place on the time axis.

Evil Empire of Eurasia

A hypothesis for the 500 – 1800 A.D. timeframe

“First Rome”. 500 – 800 AD. Prehistory. An ancient Egyptian kingdom Kem in the delta of the Nile with its capital in Alexandria.

Breakthroughs: Polytheism. Fluvial agriculture. The invention of instruments, weapons, and hieroglyphs. Delta of Nile Proto-state grows into Kingdom State Kem and expands on Mare Nostrum coasts.  Hieroglyphs written on papyri, plaster, textile, clay, and stone supports make management of the proto-state possible. Hieroglyphic writing is descriptive but unsuitable for the composition of complicated phrases and texts. Writing is difficult to learn, teach and use.

“Second Rome” 800 – 1000 AD. Kingdom Kem expands further to the North and the coastal Mediterranean and transforms into a proto-Empire Judea-Israel with Capital Yoros on Bosporus with themes in Europe. Reflected in consensual history as placeholders   Jerusalem, Babilon, Troy, Constantinople, and Czar-Grad. The Issue with Troy

Breakthroughs: Polytheism and Monotheism. The invention of the iron, steel, copper, the wheel. The invention of alphabetical writing and parchment as support for writing. The cost of parchment is prohibitive. All supports are expensive and difficult for writing. The composition of complicated phrases and texts is difficult. Literature is impossible. Teaching and learning to write are difficult. The spread of knowledge, technologies, and know-how is very complicated. Reflected in consensual history  as supreme beings: El, Elohim, Elah, Savaoph, Yahweh, Theos, Jehovah and Adonai, Mizraim, etc..; alleged characters:  Alexander the Great, Darius, Nebuchadnezzar, Euclid, Julius Caesar, Nero, Adrian, Caligula, Constantine, Ptolemy, Pharaoh, Cleopatra; etc..and alleged placeholders: Babilon, Troy, Ancient Greece, Rome, Egypt, Persia, etc.

“Third Rome” 1000 – 1200 AD. Judea-Israel rules from the capital Rome, idem Constantinople, idem Czargrad situated on Bosphorus and expands in Western, Central and Eastern Europe divided in fiefdoms ‘Thems”. It is reflected in manuscripts of XIII-XV cy AD, subsequently: Troy, Rome, Jerusalem, Constantinople, Czar Grad, Istanbul. Israel expands to Russia. Alleged name of god/supreme being: El, Elohim, Elah, Savaoph, Yahweh, Jehovah. Alleged characters: Atilla, Martell, Charlemagne, Clovis, King Arthur, Wilhelm the Conqueror, Prince Vladimir, Emperor Constantine, King Richard, etc…; The Issue with Antiquity

BreakthroughsPolytheism transforms into Monotheism. The invention of iron, steel, paper, stirrups, primitive and composite concretes, mathematics, astrology, and alchemy. The invention of stirrups, cavalry, military formations. The invention of paper, parchment, alphabetic writing, religious literacy, primitive and composite concretes, mathematics, astrology, and alchemy. Polytheism transforms into pre-Christian Monotheism.

Breakthroughs: Construction of big projects, i.e. Pyramids, Sphinx, Temples, obelisks in Egypt, aqueducts, coliseums, theaters, roads in Europe. State `Kem` transforms into state `Egypt` headed by deified Pharaohs. Construction of pyramids and decoration of templesHieroglyphic writing is used for religious purposes and for a description of the important events and/or religious notions on the walls and columns of temples and palaces. Creation of vocabulary of astrological and astronomical symbols allowing recording the dates of important events. Dates of crucial events are recorded in zodiacs and horoscopes in palaces and temples of Egypt.

“Orthodox Catholic Christian Empire” 1200 – 1300 AD. Pre-Christian Monotheism transforms into Orthodox Catholic Christianity. Christian Crusades to Constantinople, Czar-Grad. Orthodox Catholic Christianity expands in Western, Central, and Eastern Europe and transforms into Christendom. Christian Empire forms in Russia and colonizes Central and Western Europe. Religious literacy, improvement of mathematics, astrology, and alchemy.

Breakthroughs: Monotheism transforms into Aramaic pre-Christianity. The invention of cheap paper. Writing with vowels makes texts easily readable. Recording written information is simple. The composition of complicated phrases is simple. Long complicated texts and literature are feasible. Teaching to write and read is easy. Dissemination of knowledge facilitated. The speed of proliferation of ideas increases. Conflicts based on different ideas are inevitable.

Breakthroughs: Christianity becomes the prime mover. Following mutiny caused by the conflict of religious ideas Byzantine Emperor Andronicus allegedly born in 1152 in Crimea is killed (crucified) in 1185 in Jerusalem, and allegedly buried on the mountain of Beikos, Constantinople, Istanbul.

Breakthrough: Pre-Christianity transforms into Orthodox Catholic Christianity with Emperor Andronicus as the prototype of Jesus Christ of the New Testament. Orthodox Catholic Christianity transforms into Christendom.

Breakthrough: Crusades. Crusade of 1189-1192 AD and Crusade in 1199-1204 AD to Jerusalem-Constantinople were military operations under the banner of Christianity by the subordinates of late Emperor Andronicus. Sack of Constantinople in 1204. Movement of carriers of initial Science, Technology, and Culture to Europe. Crusades and Exoduses.

BreakthroughReligious education. Due to the powerful societal potential of the ideas of Christianity, due to the increased speed of proliferation and dissemination of writing and reading, religious literacy and education become possible and spread. Hundreds of monasteries, dozens of sects, schools, and universities of religious character spring in Christendom across Minor Asia and Europe.

Breakthrough: Orthodox Catholic Christian Empire. XII-XIV cy AD – Slavic and Turkic Princes of Israel, blood relatives, and subordinates of Byzantium Emperor Andronicus recreate an Orthodox Catholic Christian Empire with a Center in Great Novgorod, i.e. group of Vladimir-Suzdal-Yaroslavl-Kostroma-Moscow Golden Ring cities. Rem: Russian Czars are shown as direct inheritors of Jesus on their family tree in Annunciation Cathedral of Kremlin. The Issue with Czar’s Helmet,  The Issue with Russian History

“Empire of Eurasia” 1300 – 1500 AD. Orthodox Catholic Christianity splits into Orthodox, Catholic, Protestant, Judaic, and Islam currents. The Horde from Pacific to Atlantic

Breakthroughs: Colonization of Europe. Orthodox Catholic Christian Empire colonizes and baptizes Central and Western Europe. Rem: the swords, armor, decorations with Turkic, Slavonic, Arabic, and allegedly illegible inscriptions are kept in European museums. Rem: manuscript Orthodox Slavonic Bibles used in royal coronation rituals are kept in the cathedral of Reims, France, and Nikoping, Sweden. Re: Helmets and armor of Russian Czars kept in Kremlin Armory bear Quran quotes. The Issue with Czar’s Helmet

Breakthroughs:  Orthodox Catholic Christian Empire grows rapidly into a multi-confessional and multilingual centralized and ruthless Evil Empire with citizens strictly divided into hereditary castes: governing, civil, military nobles (Caucasians), transportation and equine relay network (Gypsies),  taxation (Jews, origin of anti-Semitism), Orthodox, Catholic or Muslim clergy of common Abrahamic root.  The Issue with Great Tartary.

Breakthrough: Military superiority of Evil Empire. Due to the overwhelming superiority and mobility of cavalry troops, strict discipline, superior administration, organization, and communication in the Evil Empire the colonization and control of tribal territories or proto-states was very rapid. An equine relay network run by a caste of Gypsies and a taxation system run by a caste of Jews is set up. Blood tax’, i.e. conscription of population enforced. The Issue with Tamerlane.

The disintegration of the Evil Empire of Eurasia. 1500-1700 AD.

Breakthroughs: The Empire of Eurasia rules the lands. The eventual resistance is ruthlessly crushed. The refusal to pay taxes due to Emperor alias Czar alias Caesar alias Khan is punished by ‘Tartar-Mongol invasions’. The Empire built castles, fortresses, and road networks for troops, and a long-distance equine relay system with transportation speeds up to 30 km/hour for governance and trade (horse and horseman are changed in relays). The Empire establishes provincial capitals at the key points of the road network. The Horde from Pacific to Atlantic

Breakthroughs: Plagues. Islam. Ottoman Empire. The network of roads and trade between formerly isolated populations across the Evil Empire of Eurasia leads to the spread of infectious diseases and plagues. Evil Empire splits into Ottoman and Russ-Horde branches to contain the spread of infectious diseases. Islam splits from Christianity completely. The Issue with Tamerlane

Breakthroughs: Rapid development in Europe. The warlords of conquering armies of the Evil Empire often stayed as rulers in colonized countries and made their rights hereditary. After 2-3 generations the heavy taxation by far away ‘Mongol’ Caesar alias Emperor alias Khan inspired separatist ideas to the inheritors of the same warlords.

Breakthrough: European Aristocracy. The split of Christianity into Orthodox and Catholic currents prepares the ground for the separation of Europe from the Empire. The inheritors of Imperial warlords become English, German, French, and Spanish kings and form a class of European high aristocracy, and fight dynastic wars.

Court historians invent ‘ancient’ dynasties for the inheritors. The clergy duly explains the divine origin of royal power. Astrologists invent abundant confirmations thereof in the sky. Rem: all solar eclipses of Antiquity and Ptolemy described in `ancient` manuscripts turn out to be medieval. Astronomy vs. History

Europe separates step by step from the Evil Empire of Eurasia and splits into competing parts. England builds the Royal Navy to rule the waves and turned from a tiny impoverished kingdom into the enormous British Empire. French principalities mutate into a Monarchy that tries to rule Western Europe.

The imbroglio of 300 kingdoms of Central Europe stays under Habsburg’s umbrella of the Roman Empire of the German Nation that was neither Roman nor Empire. Spain discovered and colonized the Americas. European provinces develop arts, science & technology considerably faster than ‘Mongolian’ Center too busy with expansion in and control of Eurasia.

Breakthroughs: the Printing Press. Propaganda. After the invention of the printing press producing cheap multiple copies of documents, the speed of information proliferation and dissemination of the art of writing, teaching, reading, and education increased by an order of magnitude. Hundreds of monasteries, thousands of schools spread literacy, and dozens of universities spread science appear across Minor Asia and Europe. Enlightenment. Propaganda becomes a powerful weapon for/in Europe. The Apocalypse as seen by Astronomy

Breakthrough: “Re-Naissance”. To confirm divine rights of the new ‘ancient’ ruling class of Europe learned people of Re-Naissance invent in XIV-XVI cy AD Ancient Greece, Rome, and their paraphernalia. Thousands of learned monks of different orders, white and black clergy, a new class of learned people toil for three centuries to elaborate ‘ancient’ languages and compose literature and philosophy masterpieces under resounding pseudonyms. Rem: artists and sculptors produce ‘ancient’ artifacts. The Issue with Antiquity

Breakthrough: Development of Science. Under the cover of allegedly pre-diluvian scientific treaties signed for their own security by glorious names of ancient astronomers, philosophers, and scientists, astrology transforms into astronomy, religion into philosophy, and alchemy into chemistry. Fearful of Inquisition scientists work under pseudonyms. The groundwork of Science is laid. To turn witchcraft into medicine corpses are stolen and dissected. Anatomy theaters open in universities. Rem: Now sculptors can make beautiful `ancient` Greek and Roman sculptures.  Dark Ages in Medieval History

Breakthrough: Separatism in Europe. After two centuries of ‘Mongol’ yoke, separatism takes hold in Western Europe, which by then has already invented clocks, powder, guns, paper, printing, telescope, and the microscope and sold them in Empire. Printing plays a major role in the religious conflict in Europe. The concerted effort of Europe to escape the control of the Evil Empire with its crushing military superiority was inevitable. The Issue with Mongols

Breakthrough: Protestantism in Central, Western and Northern Europe.  Inheritors of ‘Mongol’ warlords in Germany supported Martin Luther’s reform of the pro-imperial Catholic Church into Protestantism. Massive pogroms of the Jewish caste of imperial taxation, and the sack of numerous Catholic cathedrals, and monasteries took place. The European wars of religion from 1524 to 1648. Peace of Westfalia treaty, recognition of three separate Christian traditions in the Holy Roman Empire.

Breakthrough: The Siege of Vienna in 1529 was a failed attempt of the Evil Empire to re-conquest Europe with the hands of its partner Ottoman Empire. That attempt failed because of the resistance of Protestant German Princes, inheritors of the warlords of the Evil Empire that conquered Europe in the XIII century.

BreakthroughCouncil of Trent. In the Trent Council of 1545-1563, Black and White Catholic clergy transforms the pro-imperial Orthodox Catholic Church into the Roman Catholic Church. List of forbidden authors established and ancient heretic and/or manuscripts burnt all over Europe.

BreakthroughRoman Church changes in 1582 Julian to Gregorian calendar in Europe. Writings of ‘ancient’ Roman and Greek authors are mass-produced by Benedictine order, originals are never found. Multi-volume collections of ancient Greek and Roman authors appear before original masterpieces of the “ancients” are found, if found at all.

Breakthroughs: War of Evil Empire Dynasties. Czar Ivan the Terrible (1530-1584) character actually stands for 4 consecutive competing pretenders to the throne. European troops assure victories over Judea Kazan Khan and Tartar Khan of Crimea in the dynastic civil war. The intestine struggle of dynasties decimated over 10 000 high-ranking officers of the Russian Horde armies making the re-conquest of rebellious Europe by the Evil Empire unfeasible and the ensuing Great Strife inevitable. The Issue with Ivan the Terrible

Breakthrough: Memory of Evil Empire erased. Once the objective of the disintegration of reached, Europe makes a concerted effort to erase from the memory of people of the former Evil Empire the very fact of its existence. Such effort was supported by the class of European high nobility who already had their brand new ‘ancient’ history ready. Rem: Jesuit Chronology served for 300 years as the immutable basis of world history and is composed by the kabbalist and protestant Scaliger (1585) and Petavius (1627). The Issue with Chronology

Breakthrough: Eurasian Czar dynasty was replaced. Great Strife in Empire of Eurasia. German Protestant princes helped the pro-European Romanov dynasty to usurp the throne of the Evil Empire Eurasia in 1613. The former provinces of the Evil Empire: China, Japan, Iran, and Ottoman Empires become independent, but stay fiercely anti-European and anti-Romanov. Ottoman Empire tried the reconquest of Western Europe in 1529 and in 1689 and dismally failed. The Issue with Ivan the Terrible

Breakthrough: The Royal Navy protected a vast trade that made Britain wealthy and sparked revolutions in agriculture, industry, and finance which change Britain and the world forever. The Navy pioneered new sciences and reinvented our understanding of the world we live in, and made the sea and seafaring an integral part of the culture and identity of the British Empire. Britania rules the waves.

1700-1917. “Russian Empire of Eurasia”

Peter the Great starts to build Russian Empire, modernizes his part of the former Evil Empire up to the Urals, and moves the capital from Moscow to St Petersburg. Beats under Poltava in 1709 the King of Sweden Karl XII, another clear pretender to the Russian throne. Peter the Great leaves in 1725 a Testament ordering his inheritors to make the Russian Empire great again. In 1762 Romanovs becomes the Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov German dynasty. In 1773-1775 the New Russian Empire crushes the Great Tartary headed by Pougatchev, the last pretender from Evil Empire. During 1776-1796 the Russian Empire expands to Siberia, Alaska, and North Western America it can’t control. The Testament of Peter the Great.

A Global Falsification of History

Foreword by Alexander Zinoviev

I familiarized myself with the works of A. T. Fomenko comparatively recently, and they impressed me greatly. What part of them struck me as the most stunning? First and foremost, it was the intellectual capacity observable behind them. The authors reveal a way of cogitating that manages to fuse austere logic with dialectic flexibility; this is truly a rare occurrence in the field of social studies.

Reading the œuvres of A. T. Fomenko and his co-author G. V. Nosovskiy – occasionally several times over – was a veritable intellectual delight for yours truly. They flabbergasted me with their sheer disquisitive might as well as the research results which, in my opinion, can by rights be called the greatest discovery in contemporary historical science – what A. T. Fomenko and his colleagues had learned over the course of their research the fact that the entire history of humanity up until the XVII century is a forgery of global proportions (“old history” in their terminology) – a falsification as deliberate as it is universal. I shall be referring to this falsification as the first one. My sociological research of the great evolutionary breakpoint demonstrated that a new, blatant, global, and premeditated falsification was already in full swing.

Prior to becoming familiar with the writings of Fomenko, I had already known that the falsification of the past was a rather common phenomenon inherent in human existence. However, I was neither aware of the scale of this fraud as described by Fomenko and his fellow scholars, nor of its social type. My assumption had been that the blatant falsification of history on a planetary scale that I discovered was the first one in that concerned the proportions and the ulterior motivation, as well as its historical role.

Let us call it the second falsification of the same variety. It differs from the first in terms of pertaining to a different epoch. Its main subject is modern history and whatever historical period can be claimed as relevant to, and seen as fitting for, the purposes of this falsification. The second falsification also differs from the first one in its primary means and methods, which shall be described below.

One has to differentiate between the two kinds of falsification, the first one being the involuntary routine falsification of minor details that results from the mechanisms of gnosis and those of the actual description of historical events, or the entropy inherent in the framework of humanity’s historical memory. The second is the extraordinary, premeditated, and complex falsification that has distinct social causes.

Let us consider the former kind first. We shall disregard the period preceding the epoch of literacy and symbolic systems. The mnemonic means available back then were less than meager, which automatically diminished the arsenal of the hypothetical falsifiers. We shall turn to the era of literacy instead. It is common knowledge that historical events become immanentized in human language – and a statement uttered is a lie, as the old saying goes. We cannot fathom the unfathomable. What we end up doing is raking the vastness of history for tiny morsels of information and adding some of our own narratives in order to produce wholesome and coherent textual material.

Modern information technology does not affect the principles that the status quo relies upon. Let us introduce the concept of historical “atoms”, or particles that aren’t subject to further division. One may well calculate that the verbal description of a single year of real history the way it really happened, including all manner of events, no matter how minute, would require the processing power of all the computers on the planet, with all people made computer operators. De facto, this technology serves as a powerful instrument of historical falsification. It allows for the possibility of drowning a scientific approach to historical events in an ocean of meaningless facts.

Furthermore, the description of actual historical events is done by humans, and not perfect divine entities. People are brought up and educated in a certain way and have a certain social standing, as well as egotistical goals and aims of their very own. All of this affects the way the information is processed. Over the course of time, the overwhelming majority of events are wiped away into oblivion without leaving the merest trace. They are frequently not even realized as events. The people’s attitude to the past begins to alter as past events gradually drift into an altogether different observational and interpretational context.

The evolutionary process discerns between two kinds of events – pre-liminal and superliminal. The former kind does not affect the general character of evolution; the latter one does. However, humans, including specialists, fail to recognize the difference between the two. Everyone knows perfectly well how much attention is poured over rather insignificant individuals, such as kings and presidents, whereas the really important events often don’t even get so much as a passing reference.

This affects the relations between historical events so much that all sense of measure is often lost. Even if we are to suppose that all those who partake in the creation of historical records see veracity as their mission, the result of their collective efforts is often the rendition of their own subjective views on history as opposed to what happened in reality. As centuries pass by, the stream of disinformation is fed by various sources and tributaries, which, in their multitude, produce the effect of impartial falsification of historical events. This stream also feeds on murky rivulets of countless liars and swindlers.

The false model of history serves its function for a certain while. However, humanity eventually enters a period when this distorted representation loses efficacy and stops serving its ends. This is where people are supposed to start searching for explanations and set out on their quest for a “truth”. However, there is the abstract scientific kind of truth, and the actual historical variety – that is to say, something that people regard, or will at some point start regarding as truth. The very word “truth” is confusing here. We shall be on safer ground if we are to consider the adequacy of having certain concepts of the past for the new needs that have manifested as a result of the historical process.

These concepts stop being valid for satisfying these needs. One becomes aware of the necessity to update our view of the past in accordance with whatever the present stipulates. This awareness is the kind of craving that can only be satisfied by a “bona fide rectification” of history, which has to occur as a grandiose paradigm shift – moreover, it has to be a large-scale organized operation; one that shall result in an epochal falsification of the entire history of humankind.

The issue at hand is by no means the falsification of individual observations of historical events, but rather the revision of the entirety of historical records describing the events which cannot be observed as a principle since they belong to the past. What we are talking about is not a mere change in the perception and interpretation of the same old existential phenomena – it is the adaptation of the character, which naturally used to refer to certain commonplace realities at some point, to the exigencies of people who have to live in an altogether different environment.

Trained specialists are a sine qua non for this – people whose activity shall have to be organized in such a manner that their collective output will result in the creation of a coordinated historical Gestalt. What they really have to do is create exactly the kind of past that is needed for the present, making use of whatever available material presents itself.

The first global falsification of history as discovered and brilliantly related by Fomenko was based on an erroneous temporal and spatial coordinate system of chronological events (the chronological system and the localization of events wedded thereto).

The more recent and ongoing second global falsification of history is based on a system of erroneous pseudo-scientific sociological concepts based upon ideology and aided greatly by modern information manipulation technology.

This is why I call the second falsification conceptual and informational, or merely “conceptual” for brevity’s sake. Fomenko’s works describe the technology of building a false model of human history which uses the art of manipulating the temporal and spatial coordinates of events.

Many thousands of specialists in false historical models are already working on this second falsification – their forte is the ability to misrepresent historical events while giving correct temporal and spatial coordinates and representing individual facts veraciously and in full detail.

The actual falsification is achieved via the selection of facts, their combination, and interpretation, as well as the context of ideological conceptions, propagandist texts that they are immersed into, etc. In order to describe the technology behind the second falsification with any degree of clarity at all, exhaustively and convincingly, one needs a well-developed scientific system of logistics and methodology, as well as sociological theory.

I call such a system logical sociology; however, it is a thing of the future, which means that the second falsification of history shall continue in its present manner, with as much ease and impunity as the first. Tens and hundreds of years hence, a number of solitary researchers shall “excavate” the so-called “modern history” in very much the same manner as Fomenko (and his predecessors, including N. A. Morozov) have treated “old history”.

I would like to conclude with an observation concerning the exceptional scientific scrupulousness of the works of A. Fomenko and G. Nosovskiy. I have examined them from exactly this position many a time, and I have neither found a single ipse dixit statement, nor any categorical pontificating of any kind.

The general narrative scheme they employ is as follows: the authors relate the consensual ( textbook) historical concepts and then cite historical facts that either fail to concur to said concepts or contradict them explicitly. Other authors who have noticed these inconsistencies are quoted.

Then Fomenko and Nosovskiy put forth hypotheses that allow finding logically correct solutions for the problems under study. They keep on emphasizing and reiterating that the issue at hand is all about hypotheses and not categorical statements presented as the truth absolute. The readers are invited to take part in the solution of problems that arise as a consequence of the consensual chronological concept of history.

I am amazed by the horrendous injustice of the numerous critics of Fomenko and Nosovskiy, who obviously distort their ideas, either failing to understand them completely or being altogether unfamiliar with their content. It is also quite astounding that whenever a publication occurs that voices ideas that bear semblance to those of Fomenko and Nosovskiy but are a lot tamer and local, providing a lot less factual information, this publication is usually accepted with a great deal more benevolence.

I understand the psychological groundwork beneath this – Fomenko and Nosovskiy have performed a great scientific feat of epochal significance, one that affects the sentiments and interests of too many people. Acknowledging this feat as such, or at the very least the mere fact of its creative relevance obligates one to actions that are apparently beyond these people due to their incapacity and immaturity. The trouble with Fomenko and Nosovskiy is that they have reached out too far and dealt the dominating historical discourse too heavy a blow.

Alexander Zinoviev,
10 October 1999,
19 April 2001.

Alexander Zinoviev (1922–2006), Professor of the Moscow State University, logician, sociologist, writer, a member of the Finnish, Bavarian, and Italian Academy of Sciences, the Russian Academy of Polite Letters, and several others. Laureate of the 1982 Alexis Tocqueville prize for sociology and the “Best Sociology Essay of 1979” prize, as well as a large number of European and international prizes for literature. Honorary citizen of several French and Italian towns and cities. The works of A. A. Zinoviev were published in more than 20 languages and are considered international bestsellers. He read lectures on sociology in many European and American universities.