History: Fiction or Science? Dating methods as offered by mathematical statistics. Eclipses and zodiacs. Chronology Vol.I 2nd revised, expanded Edition
“Human history becomes more and more, a race between education and catastrophe.” – George Orwell, 1920, Outline of History
“History: Fiction or Science?” series of 26 books is the most explosive tractate on history ever written proving irrefutably that the timeline of the civilization takes into account only the irrefutably dated non-contradictory events and artifacts barely exceed 1000 years!
St Augustin was quite prescient saying; “..beware of mathematicians, especially when they speak the truth! “
Every theory that these books contain, no matter how unorthodox, is backed by solid scientific data. The book contains 446 graphs and illustrations, a list of 1534 sources, copies of ancient manuscripts, and countless facts attesting to the falsity of the chronology used nowadays. The dominating historical discourse was essentially crafted in the XVI century from a rather contradictory jumble of sources such as innumerable copies of ancient Latin and Greek manuscripts whose originals had vanished in the Dark Ages and the allegedly irrefutable proof offered by late medieval astronomers, resting upon the power of ecclesial authorities. Nearly all of its components are blatantly untrue!
You will be amazed to discover: – That the chronology universally accepted today and taken for granted is simply wrong; – That ALL methods of dating of ancient sources and artifacts known today are erroneous or non-exact; – That there is not a single document that could be dated earlier than the XIth century; The Author refers to the Middle Ages as the Antiquity and proves mutual superimposition of the Second and the Third Roman Empire, both of which become identified as the respective kingdoms of Israel and Judah. Furthermore, Dr.Fomenko asserts that the famous reform of the Occidental Church in the XI century by Pope Gregory Hildebrand was the reflection of the XII century reforms of Byzantine emperor Andronicus who in his turn identifies with Jesus Christ. No stone in the history of Antiquity is left unturned. Literally.
Part I of this book meticulously dissects the Almagest of Ptolemy compiled allegedly in 150 a.d. and considered to be the cornerstone of classical history. Dr.Fomenko et al state: Almagest was compiled in XVI-XVII cy from astronomical data of XI-XVI cy; cornerstone is ground to powder. Ptolemy is a cover name of a group of late medieval astronomers. In Part II of ‘History: Fiction or Science?’ Dr. Fomenko et al are the first ever to successfully decode the allegedly ancient Egyptian horoscopes painted in Pharaoh’s tombs of the Valley of Kings or cut in stone in Dendera and Esna for centuries considered impenetrable are decoded at last! All dates contained therein turn out definitely medieval and pertain to the XI cy a.d. the earliest. Well, how old is ‘ancient’ Egypt actually?
Why Antiquity and Dark Ages were to be invented? The consensual world history was manufactured in Europe in the XVI-XIX centuries with the political agenda of powers of that period on the basis of erroneous clerical chronology elaborated by Kabbalist-numerologist Joseph Justus Scaliger and Dionysius Petavius. By the middle of the XVI century the prime political agenda of Europe that reached superiority in Sciences and Technologies, but was still inferior militarily to the Evil Empire of Eurasia, was to free Europe. The concerted effort of European aristocracy, black and white Catholic clergy, protestants, humanists, and scientists in XV-XVII centuries in the creation and dissemination of the fictional Ancient World served this agenda.
NASA research of earth-moon mechanics of late astrophysicist Robert Newton leads Russian mathematicians to a breakthrough in the chronology of world history. This research was actually an anecdotical byproduct of Russian-American competition in Moon exploration.’The issue with Chronology” exposes and expounds the numerous in-veracities of the consensual version of history. We are reminded of when the contemporary chronological scale was created and by whom, with the culprits named as the XVI-XVII century clergy that was in charge of all matters historical in that age. The consensual model of history had prominent critics ever since its creation – among them such names as Sir Isaac Newton and Jean Hardouin, chief librarian of Louis XIV, the Sun King of France, and collector of Louvre museum.
All solar, lunar eclipses mentioned in chronicles presumed to be written before the XVI century could not and did not take place at the very time and exact location reported to us by the ancient authors thereof, who did like so much to stress the importance of the event with some phenomena in the sky. Either the authors lied or were wrong, or both. Verdict: either the events took place some other time and some other place or there was nothing spectacular in the sky at that very moment. “Astronomy vs History” crowns scores of years of meticulous and extensive research performed by the eminent mathematician Anatoly Fomenko and his colleagues.
The Apocalypse – The Book of Revelation is the only apocalyptic document in the New Testament. It does not refer to actual people or events but is an allegory of the spiritual path and the ongoing struggle between good and evil, but contains nevertheless astronomical and astrological clues relative to its composition. The astronomical aspect of The Apocalypse stayed hidden for centuries. ‘The Apocalypse as seen by Astronomy” has resurrected the astrological, i.e; astronomical ideas contained in The Apocalypse and extracted from it the precise date of its composition on the Isle of Patmos! St Augustin was quite prescient saying; “..beware of mathematicians, especially when they speak the truth! “
The Classical Age was followed by many centuries of Dark Ages of utter stagnation and decline with virtually nothing happening but wars and famine and the destruction of priceless ancient monuments. Then, during the Renaissance, the Classical authors reappear from oblivion, Latin and Greek become resurrected as the intelligentsia Esperanto of the Middle Ages, and numerous manuscripts reappear from oblivion to be copied, enter wide circulation, and vanish again, never to be found. How preposterous would it be to suggest that there were no Dark Ages to separate the antiquity from the Renaissance – that the “Renaissance” was, in fact, the Naissance of the Western European culture as we know it? The Dark Ages are the result of the creation on agenda in XV-XVII centuries of a mythical Classical Age that never was, by misdating medieval events by hundreds and thousands of years as very ancient ones.
By the middle of the XVI century the prime political agenda of Europe that reached superiority in Sciences and Technologies, but was still inferior militarily to the Evil Empire of Eurasia, was to free Europe. The concerted effort of European aristocracy, black and white Catholic clergy, Protestants, humanists, and scientists in the XVI-XVII centuries in the creation and dissemination of the fictional Ancient World served this agenda perfectly. The European aristocracy, a considerable part of which were noble fugitives from Byzantine and/or the inheritors of Eurasian warlords, supported the myth of the Ancient World to justify its claims to the countries they ruled. The scientists supported the myth of the Ancient World as a safe cover for their research that produced results heretic from the point of view of Christianity.
Russia is at the crossroads of western and eastern ways. Again? Russian history was rewritten completely to help Europe to free itself from the clutches of the Empire of Eurasia. Is Russian history a science at all? Well, one that was taught in Russian schools was cooked up by learned German historians brought to Russia by Herr Romanov alias Peter the Great alias Peter the First. Herren Miller, Bayer und Schleizer did quite a job of distorting into oblivion all of pre-Romanov history of XIV-XVII centuries! As a reformer to the hilt, Peter the Great has literally ruined Russia, lost at least a quarter of its population, tried to break into Europe, moved the capital of Russia from Moscow to St Petersburg, and made Russia an awkward upstart and a laughing stock of Europe.
‘Horde’ in old Russian means armed people, Order in English, Ordre in French, Orden in German languages all carry the same meaning. The proto-state of ‘Horde from Pacific to Atlantic’ or Great Tartary was a true imbroglio of colonization, wars, and religions covering most of Eurasia in the XIII-XVIth centuries. The cathedrals, monuments, fortresses, relics, armors, swords, bibles, saints, warlords, artifacts, chronicles, maps, and coins of ‘Horde’ abound, but stay mostly misinterpreted. The European part of the Great Horde fell apart into English, French, and german kingdoms in the XIV-XVI centuries. The Great Strife of the Russian part of Eurasia Horde lasted nearly all of the XVIIth century, the Great Tartary disintegrated into Moscuvite, Independent, and Chinese Tartary ending with the Romanov dynasty usurping the throne of Russia.
It took most of the XVI century and four Czars Ivans the Terribles, the Horribles, AKA the scares to decompose the Empire of Eurasia with a capital of Mosques (Moscow, Moskau, or Moscou) and help the step-by-step escape of Europe from Eurasia. This over-dramatized and figmental Ivan character was actually a collation of FOUR Czars during the Great Strife of the Russian Empire in XVI-XVII centuries invented by German historians on the agenda of Romanov’s dynasty which won. The collision of dynasties of Godunov, and Romanov, conspiracies of Zacharin, Kurbskiy, 3 false Dimitries as pretenders to the throne, Polish army occupying the Kremlin, truly tectonic events of orthodox religion, and the disintegration of the Horde. The horror reign of Ivvvan the Terrrible was spun by german historians.
The oversized Tamerlane figure was a collation of two real historical figures, for the most part, the first of them being Temir Aksak, or the “Iron Cripple,” from the late XIV century, and the second – Sultan Mehmet II (Mohammed II), the famous XV century conqueror who took Constantinople in 1453. Moreover, not a drop of Ghengis blood in either of them. Better yet, the scary figure of Tamerlane idem Timur became the foundation for the consensual ‘biography’ of the greatest warrior of all times Alexander the Great. The dominating historical discourse in its current state was essentially crafted in the XVI century from a rather contradictory jumble of sources literally in line with American philosopher Santana’s definition: « History is a pack of lies about events that never happened told by people who weren’t there ».
‘USA has Issues with British Maps of 18th-century’ analyses in detail the maps of the 1771 edition of Encyclopedia Britannica and concludes that the Northwestern part of the USA was built on remains of Moscuvite Tartary, which according to Britannica of 1771 was the biggest state in the world with capital in Tobolsk! The war of the new Russian Empire of 1773-1775 with Moscuvite Tartary covered up by Catherine II as a raid against peasant rebellion headed by aka Pougatchev (scare in Russian) was actually the final blow in the destruction of Great Tartary. After the war of 1773-1775 the new Russian Empire has taken over the Urals, Western and Eastern Siberia, Alaska, and Northwestern America down to San Francisco. ‘Russian’ American territories were too far to control efficiently and were taken over by the USA and British Empire.
Could the Czars read Arabic? Why then the Armour of Russian warlords of the XIV-XVI centuries was all covered with Arabic inscriptions from Quran they could not possibly read? Or could they? Russian Czars Alexander Nevsky and Ivan the Terrible wore helmets with Arabic inscriptions. Were the thousands of helmets, swords, sabers, shields, and armor with Arabic inscriptions kept in the Armoury of Kremlin the rich spoils of war with Arabs, Turks, or the souvenirs of their ambassadors to Russian Czars? No, they are neither the spoils of war of victorious Russian Horde troops nor the presents from subjugated kingdoms and princes. They all were made in Russia by Russian craftsmen of the XIV-XVII centuries. According to Dr. Fomenko et al Russia was in XIII-XVI a trilingual state with Russian, Arabic, and Turkic as three official languages. Letters considered Arabic nowadays were used for transcribing Russian words. Russia, Europe, Turkey, and Persia had been part of the same Great = “Mongolian” Empire in the XIII – XVI until it disintegrated during the Great Strife.
‘The Issue with British History’ shows, on one hand, how much shorter than generally presumed it really is, but, on the other hand, it underscores the major role Great Britain played in World History. Indeed, England, a small non-significant, and underpopulated province of the Great Evil Empire of Eurasia stepped in the XVI century in its own way to greatness, becomes within barely 300 years the World Empire that ruled the waves where the sun never set down! Regretfully, British scholars of the XVI-XVII centuries based their historical writings on the consensual chronology of the French Kabbalist Scaliger and Jesuit Petavious. Author’s verdict: British history is most likely to have been extended arbitrarily, and quite substantially so. To express the deep gratitude of the scientific community to the historians of Oxbridge for warping the timescale – the cover of the book presents Jesus Christ by Tintoretto showing the true time of Big Ben. The British scholars have 5 years of scheduled repair of Big Ben to review in an adequate manner the History of Great Britain in line with the presented by Dr. Fomenko data.
Why and when were the Crusades? Christianity originated in the Byzantine Empire in XII century as an Oriental Orthodox Catholic religion that went in the XII-XV centuries through the subsequent splits, and mutations into the competing Orthodox, Catholic, Western, Eastern, and Oriental Christianity, Mithraism, Judaism, Buddism, and Islam. Crusades of 1189-1192 AD and 1199-1204 AD to Jerusalem-Constantinople were military operations under the banner of Christianity by the followers and relatives of Jesus idem Emperor Andronicus was killed during a religious mutiny. Crusades ended with the Sack of Constantinople in 1204. Crusades provoked a counter-reaction of Islam that by the XIII century started to morph from an early Christian belief into a powerful religious movement, forming a Caliphate that spans from Middle Asia to Spain. Constantinople was taken by Mehmet the Conqueror in 1453, renamed Istanbul, and Byzantium became a part of the Muslim Ottoman Empire.
Maps & coins point to the Empire of Eurasia. The accumulation of geographical knowledge as reflected in cartography is a gradual and irreversible process. Therefore the more details are contained in a map the more recent it is. Most allegedly ‘ancient’ maps were produced in the XVI-XVIII centuries because they contain the details unknown at the moment of their presumed composition. Their age is ‘alleged’ too. Moreover, all maps with the irrefutable date of the composition prior to the XIII century show the picture in complete contradiction with consensual history. Before the advent of engraving and printing, any map was more a unique work of art than a reliable geographical instrument for land or maritime orientation. The archaeological findings can’t be dated with the aid of the ancient coinage found on the site. The numismatic dating, i.e. distribution along the time axis is wholly dependent on erroneous consensual chronology elaborated by Kabbalist Scaliger and perfected by Jesuit Petavius.
Swords cut through the mystery of the Coronation Mantles. Is there a valid explanation for the scores of ancient armor and swords bearing numerous allegedly unreadable inscriptions kept in the museums of Europe? How to interpret the mysterious signs and symbols on the coronation mantles of Charlemagne and other Kings? How come it that the allegedly unreadable inscriptions, signs, and symbols start to make sense as soon as Slavonic, Turkic, and Arab alphabets are used to decode them?
Peter the First alias the Great has literally ruined Russia, lost at least a quarter of its population, tried to break into Europe, moved the capital of Russia from Moscow to St Petersburg, and made Russia an awkward upstart and a laughing stock of Europe. After spending 3 years in Holland and Germany Peter I came home as another man speaking Russian with a German accent and ordered to call him Great from now on. Peter ordered the nobility to cut beards, smoke tobacco, and dance ballet. Better yet, Peter reformed the Orthodox church into total submission. Old Russian Orthodox Church called him Antichrist, so he just had to reform it into oblivion. Most of the stubborn Orthodox crowd was simply burnt alive. Peter, once he became the Great one, beheaded the old imperial guard, created the modern army that won, and built a fleet that sank. The king of Sweden Karl XII wanted to usurp the Russian throne too, so Peter beats Karl’s army rumored to be the best of this time into pulp in Poltava, Ukraine. Peter the Great was a reformer to the hilt. Peter did not quite succeed in his brazen reforms, so he left a Testament ordering the Russian Empire to reconquer Europe.
The quadruple baptism of Russia. Contrary to the official of Russian history was manufactured in the XVIII century by German historians Bayer, Miller, and Schlezer that relates the one and only baptism of Russia that took place under Prince Vladimir in 986-989 A.D. The priests from Greece got the job of teaching the faith to the pagan Russians. Dr.Fomenko scratched this polished surface and found out that Russia was baptized four times. The first baptism was by Apostle Andrew, the second performed by Fotius, Patriarch of Czar-Grad “in the reign of the Greek King, Basil of Macedonia, and Ryurik, Great Prince of Russia, with Princes Askold and Dir regnant in Kyiv. The Great Catechesis doesn’t give any dates for either Baptism. Unlike the first two, the third and the fourth baptisms of Russia are dated in the Catechesis. The third one has taken place under the Great Princes Olga, in 963 A.D. The fourth baptism of Russia is the famous baptism of 989 A.D. under Prince Vladimir.
‘Ancient’ China is a misunderstanding at best. NASA research of earth-moon mechanics by astrophysicist Robert Newton leads mathematicians of MSU to a breakthrough in the chronology of civilization, the Chinese one including. ‘The Issue with Chinese Astronomy’ is that it just can’t serve anymore as a solid foundation of ‘ancient’ Chinese History. It looks like ‘ancient’ China is a misunderstanding at best. It is presumed to be exceptionally ancient, a lot more so than European history, and its datings are said to be perfectly reliable. The basics of Chinese chronology are believed to be so firm that it serves as a classic example of an indubitably ancient and reliable chronology. There is a popular misconception about Chinese chronology being based on the “ancient Chinese” astronomical records, which permit dating the events of the “ancient Chinese” history without any ambiguity whatsoever. Dr.Fomenko wipes out this misconception.
History of China copied on Europe and Byzantium. The history of China up until the XV century A.D. is, in fact, the history of Europe and the Mediterranean region, Byzantium in particular. Historical chronicles of Europe were transplanted into Chinese by the Jesuits in the XVI-XVII century A.D., the earliest. Today it is considered that the construction of the Great Wall of China began in the III century B.C., allegedly as protection against northern nomads. The argument that the wall had been repaired during those two thousand years is dubious. Only a rather recent construction is worth being repaired, otherwise, it will become obsolete and just a wreck. This is what we observe in Europe, by the way. Old defensive walls had been demolished, and new, more solid walls were built in their place. For instance, many fortifications in Russia had been rebuilt in the XVI century. And yet we are told that the Wall of China, once built, remained unchanged for two thousand years. We are not told that this is a “modern wall recently built on the site of the old one,” but that this is exactly the wall that had been built two thousand years ago. This is extremely strange, not to say more. Read to find out when and against whom had the wall was built?
About the Author: Dr.Fomenko, Anatoly. Born in 1945. Full Member (Academician) of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Full Member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, Full Member of the International Higher Education Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Physics and Mathematics, Professor, Head of the Moscow State University Department of Mathematics and Mechanics. Solved the classical Plateau s Problem from the theory of minimal spectral surfaces. Author of the theory of invariants and topological classification of integrable Hamiltonian dynamic systems. Laureate of the 1996 National Premium in Mathematics of the Russian Federation for a cycle of works on the Hamiltonian dynamic system multitude invariance theory. Author of 180 scientific publications, 26 monographs, and textbooks on mathematics, a specialist in geometry and topology, variational calculus, symplectic topology, Hamiltonian geometry and mechanics, computational geometry. Author of a number of books on the development of new empirical-statistical methods and their application to the analysis of historical chronicles as well as the chronology of Antiquity and the Middle Ages.
Also by Anatoly T. Fomenko
(List is non-exhaustive)
Differential Geometry and Topology
Plenum Publishing Corporation. 1987. USA, Consultants Bureau, New York, and London.
Variational Principles in Topology. Multidimensional Minimal Surface Theory
Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 1990.
Topological variational problems. – Gordon and Breach, 1991.
Integrability and Nonintegrability in Geometry and Mechanics
Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 1988.
The Plateau Problem. vols.1, 2
Gordon and Breach, 1990. (Studies in the Development of Modern Mathematics.)
Symplectic Geometry.Methods and Applications.
Gordon and Breach, 1988. Second edition 1995.
Minimal surfaces and Plateau problem. Together with Dao Chong Thi
USA, American Mathematical Society, 1991.
Integrable Systems on Lie Algebras and Symmetric Spaces. Together with V. V. Trofimov. Gordon and Breach, 1987.
Geometry of Minimal Surfaces in Three-Dimensional Space. Together with A. A.Tuzhilin
USA, American Mathematical Society. In: Translation of Mathematical Monographs. vol.93, 1991.
Topological Classification of Integrable Systems. Advances in Soviet Mathematics, vol. 6
USA, American Mathematical Society, 1991.
Tensor and Vector Analysis: Geometry, Mechanics and Physics. – Taylor and Francis, 1988.
Algorithmic and Computer Methods for Three-Manifolds. Together with S.V.Matveev
Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, 1997.
Topological Modeling for Visualization. Together with T. L. Kunii. – Springer-Verlag, 1997.
Modern Geometry. Methods and Applications. Together with B. A. Dubrovin, S. P. Novikov
Springer-Verlag, GTM 93, Part 1, 1984; GTM 104, Part 2, 1985. Part 3, 1990, GTM 124.
The basic elements of differential geometry and topology. Together with S. P. Novikov
Kluwer Acad. Publishers, The Netherlands, 1990.
Integrable Hamiltonian Systems: Geometry, Topology, Classification. Together with A. V. Bolsinov
Taylor and Francis, 2003.
Empirical-Statistical Analysis of Narrative Material and its Applications to Historical Dating.
Vol.1: The Development of the Statistical Tools. Vol.2: The Analysis of Ancient and Medieval
Records. – Kluwer Academic Publishers. The Netherlands, 1994.
Geometrical and Statistical Methods of Analysis of Star Configurations. Dating Ptolemy’s
Almagest. Together with V. V Kalashnikov., G. V. Nosovsky. – CRC-Press, USA, 1993.
New Methods of Statistical Analysis of Historical Texts. Applications to Chronology. Antiquity in the Middle Ages. Greek and Bible History. Vols.1, 2, 3. – The Edwin Mellen Press. USA. Lewiston.
Queenston. Lampeter, 1999.
Mathematical Impressions. – American Mathematical Society, USA, 1990.