“Human history becomes more and more, a race between education and catastrophe.” – George Orwell, 1920, Outline of History
After the discovery of the Qumran Manuscripts, the comparison of the” handwriting “in both Nash’s papyrus and the Manuscripts allowed for the determination of greater antiquity of the latter. Thus, one papyrus fragment whose dating “cannot be agreed upon” pulls a whole lot of other documents after it.
And nevertheless: “in the dating of the scrolls” great disagreements arose among scholars (from the II century B.C. to the time of the Crusades)”. Dating “early A.D.” is believed to have been confirmed after 1962 by radiocarbon dating. However, the radiocarbon method of dating samples is erroneous for dating the events that happened less than 2–3 thousand years ago due to significant errors of up to 2 thousand years.
Let us briefly recall the history of the discovery of the Qumran manuscripts. In 1947, a Bedouin, looking for a missing goat, entered a cave in a rock rising 300 meters above the level of the Dead Sea near its western shore. He found there, hidden in a vessel, three leather scrolls with texts written, as historians note, “amazingly strong ink”.
The manuscripts were regarded and bought for good money. The hunt for ancient texts began in these places. “The Bedouins were now looking all over the Judean desert: they knew that scientists were interested in the smallest fragments of manuscripts and that, in particular, they were paid very well for every square centimeter”.
Later, more caves with scrolls were discovered. Some of them were called Kumran Manuscripts, fig. 2.3 and fig. 2.4. It is important to note that among the found manuscripts “were the remains of the library of the Christian monastery existing in this place”.
The question arose: when the manuscripts were written—except for the Christian ones—and who hid them? They were not particularly interested in the Christian Manuscripts found in the same location since they were presumed to be written much later.
Science has solved this question. Approximately 1000 meters south of the Qumran cave, ancient ruins were discovered, next to which “was a vast ancient cemetery, which was attributed to some muslim section”.
Archaeologists have begun excavating the ruins. In their opinion, “the manuscripts could be hidden only by people who lived nearby: how could you not be interested in these, all close ruins of Khirbet Qumran?”. They excavated residential, occupational, service buildings, caves, wells, and a cemetery.
Further chunky details in vol.6 of the “History: Fiction or Science?” series